Documentary research is a qualitative research technique that is responsible for collecting and selecting information through the reading of documents, books, magazines, recordings, filming, newspapers, bibliographies, etc. Compared to other methods, documentary research is not as popular because statistics and quantification are considered as safer ways for data analysis. This type of research is usually associated with historical research, so researchers lose confidence because of their lack of clarity. However, the story gives meaning to the past and the present. According to world best essay writing service the whole process of progress is dependent on research.
Among the most important features of documentary research are the following:
Exploratory: This type of exploratory research is responsible for proving that something is right or wrong. In addition, to find solutions and alternatives after evaluating the investigated information.
Informational: It is responsible for displaying the relevant information on a specific topic that comes from various sources without approving them.
According to world best essay writing service every research is carried out thanks to the information obtained from the following sources of information:
The methodology used to carry out a documentary investigation is the following:
Material selection: When conducting a documentary investigation, it is important to make an extensive collection of material that may be useful for the process.
Review of the material: In this step, the researcher classifies the material and separates those that are little needed from those that are important for the subject.
Organization: The researcher compares the selected material and obtains textual information to make citations and references in order to support theories and interpretations.
Data Analysis: The researcher analyzes the information and prepares a document that reflects his opinion and interpretation on the phenomenon of study.
Advantages of documentary research
Among the most important advantages of documentary research are:
Documentary research is extremely important for our society, as it is responsible for showing the findings left over time. The learning that allows to obtain generates knowledge and offers sources of information to researchers to interpret and improve new documents.
Plagiarism, understood as the literal or paraphrased copy of an author’s ideas without giving the corresponding credit in an academic work, is a phenomenon that affects academic life insofar as it implies a violation of its norms and a questioning of the student’s training. Although the literature has advanced in the identification of social and individual factors that promote or hinder plagiarism, the absence of local and regional research that reveals the experiences lived by the actors from their own points of view raises the need for a study of this kind.
In the literature review three types of work on plagiarism were found: first, descriptive works that present a series of definitions and characteristics of plagiarism, the reasons why it is committed and some strategies to avoid it: citation rules, work redesign and clear sanctions policy. Second, there are some research papers focused on identifying attitudes related to plagiarism, associated factors or the causes of plagiarism according to the conception of University professors.
Third, in the bibliography there are texts that inquire about the legal nature of plagiarism. The oldest work in this regard is that of Giurati (1912) and the most recent, those edited by Turell (2005) or the book of Agúndez (2005). Plagiarism is a phenomenon of great complexity not only because of the relationship it has with intellectual property, but also because of the consequences that it entails and which usually fall on the student through sanctions that range from verbal and public reprimand to expulsion. However, plagiarism has generally been seen from a perspective that assumes that the problem lies in the student and not in the entire academic community involved.
A concept that allows a better understanding of the problem is that of “intellectual field” by Bourdieu (2002). An intellectual field is a field of action where there is a series of interdependence and power relations through which an academic community is configured. As every community has purposes related to training and research, and its members establish a series of relationships of interdependence and power through which the community is configured. Seen from this concept, plagiarism is a phenomenon that involves teachers, students, curriculum and educational system as responsible, and involves them with different functional weight.
Once you know those situations that may constitute plagiarism, it is time to find out how you can avoid it. First of all I would advise you to be clear about the style of references to use (Vancouver, Chicago, APA, Harvard, MLA, ISO 960). For example, the APA (American Psychological Association) bibliographic style is often used in psychology while Vancouver is used in biomedical sciences; that is, each branch of science has a preference for a style and way of citing. You must take this factor into account as it will determine how to attribute merit to your sources, if it is not fulfilled you may be incurring plagiarism without being aware of it.
After learning to quote it is important to learn to paraphrase. The first case is usually specified in the bibliographic style guides; however, for the second case it is not usually so. So, how can you make a good paraphrase? First of all, nothing to change only the position of the words and use synonyms. If you do it in such a basic way, even though you are apparently paraphrasing correctly, all you will be doing is plagiarizing the way of representing an idea as your text is structurally very similar to the original. Remember all the actions you can do when paraphrasing:
How to design an academic research has been written for three types of population: for those who enter the university academic world for the first time, for those who are about to leave their career and are preparing to write their undergraduate or graduate thesis, and for All those interested in academic research. The reader will find answers to questions such as: What is research? Why and why investigate? What types of research exist? What are the stages of an investigative process? Where to start an investigation? How to develop a research design, what are the steps to follow? How is an investigation structured? How to cite sources and how to make bibliographic references? What elements to take into account when socializing the results obtained in an investigation? What ethical aspects to keep in mind when carrying out an academic investigation and publishing the results?
Research is a necessity and a constant process of search and construction of answers to the questions that human beings ask themselves from their social, historical and cultural context. The idea is to remain before the world in permanent dialogue and in search of answers and solutions for a better tomorrow. It is not about research by research, but about producing compromised knowledge.